Calculation of Key Figures

In addition to IFRS-based performance measures, Posti Group discloses alternative performance measures as additional information to financial measures presented in the consolidated income statement, consolidated balance sheet, consolidated statement of cash flows and in the notes disclosures. Management believes that adjusted performance measures provide meaningful supplemental information to both management and investors regarding the business performance. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted operating result are also one of the key business performance indicators in Posti Group’s management reporting.



Operating result excluding depreciation, amortization and impairment losses.

Adjusted EBITDA*


EBITDA excluding special items.

Adjusted operating result*


Operating result excluding special items.

Special items*








Special items are defined as significant items of income and expenses, which are considered to incur outside the ordinary course of business. Special items include restructuring costs, significant impairment losses on assets, impairment on goodwill, significant gains or losses on sale of shares, real estates or business operations and expenses and incomes related to business combinations, such as changes in contingent purchase considerations.

Equity ratio, %

100 x

Total equity

Total assets - advances received

Return on capital employed, %

100 x

Operating result (12 months rolling)

Capital employed (average of opening and closing balance of the previous 12 months)

Capital employed




Non-current assets less deferred tax assets plus inventories and trade and other receivables less other non-current liabilities, less advances received, less provisions, less defined benefit pension obligations, less trade and other payables.

Net debt


Interest bearing borrowings - liquid funds - debt certificates.

Net debt / adjusted EBITDA, %

100 x

net debt

Adjusted EBITDA (12 months rolling)

Interest-bearing borrowings



Non-current and current interest-bearing borrowings and lease liabilities.

Liquid funds


Cash and cash equivalents + money market investments + investments in bonds.

Personnel on average, FTE*


Full time equivalent personnel on average.

Operative free cash flow**





Cash flow from operating activities as presented in the consolidated statement of cash flows less purchase of intangible assets and property, plant and equipment as presented in the consolidated statement of cash flows and less payments of lease liabilities.

* Continuing operations